The Eurasian Lynx
Genus: (Total members of this genus: Canada Lynx, Eurasian Lynx, Iberian Lynx, and Bobcat)
Species: Lynx Lynx
Eurasian Lynx Conservation Status: http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/12519/0
Background on the Lynx Genus
A Lynx is any of the four species within the Lynx genus of medium-sized wild cats, which includes the Canada Lynx, Eurasian Lynx, Iberian Lynx, and the Bobcat. The name “lynx” originated in Middle English via Latin from the Greek word λύγξ, which is derived from the Indo-European root leuk, meaning (“light, brightness”)- in reference to the luminescence of their reflective eyes.
The four Lynx species have the largest range across the world of any felid, and are found on both sides of the Atlantic. All Lynx or (Lynxes, you can say it either way) have a short tail, characteristic tufts of black hair on the tips of their ears, and large paws. Their paws may be larger than a human hand.
Body color varies from medium brown to gold to cream, and is often marked with dark brown spots, especially on the limbs. All species of Lynx have some white fur on their chests, bellies, and on the insides of their legs.
Lynx’s pupils contract to circles instead of slits in daylight. Generally the pupils of most small cats contract to vertical slits, while those of Tigers and most other big cats contract to a circle. There some exceptions, just to name a couple: the Snow Leopard’s eyes contract to a sort of oblong shape and the Pallas’s Cat’s eyes contract to circles even though it is a smaller cat.
People hunt and trap the Lynx species and this must be banned. Trapping of wild cats and other animals is cruel. They can die long painful deaths from dehydration, hypothermia, and blood loss often from attempting to chew their own limb off. Trapping is also disruptive to the ecosystem at large. https://thefurbearers.com/the-issues/trapping/cruelty-injuries
The Eurasian Lynx
The Eurasian Lynx is even larger the Canada Lynx. The Eurasian Lynx is the biggest of all the Lynxes. During the summer, the Eurasian Lynx has a short, reddish or brown coat. In the winter it’s replaced by a much thicker silvery-grey coat. Their coats have prominent dark spots. They weigh from 15-29 kg (33-64 lbs) and are 65-75 cm (26-30 in) tall.
The Eurasian Lynx lives in European, Siberian, Central Asian, and East Asian forests. They also live on the Tibetan Plateau and in the Himalayas up to elevations of 5,500 m (18,000 ft). The Eurasian Lynx got hunted out of most of Western Europe but is now being reintroduced into Switzerland, Germany, and Austria where they are beginning to thrive again.
Some farmers have complained the Eurasian Lynx attacks their livestock but cat conservation authorities are closely monitoring the process and studies show that allowing adult cat predators to live near farms is actually much safer for livestock than relocating the cats or worse, killing them. Older adult cats learn to stay away from the farms in order to avoid conflicts with humans. If they are removed, the young inexperienced ones come into the abandoned territories to try their own luck at the farm and the cycle continues. Experienced animals learn to stay away from the area and do so. http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0079713
Additionally, predation of farm animals is generally very low. Governments should compensate farmers/ranchers for any loss of livestock and continue to protect apex predators like the Eurasian Lynx, who have a right to live there too and also provide a valuable service by keeping the ecosystem healthy and in balance. Eurasian Lynx primarily eat deer and rabbit, whose populations are kept healthy and right sized due to the Eurasian Lynx’s efforts.
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